THU, DEC 17 • SOURCE: 1 NEWS
A cockroach exterminator appeared on TVNZ1's Seven Sharp to dispel a common myth about the creepy crawly.
How to keep cockroaches out of your house this summer
The pesky little critters thrive in warmer weather. Source: Seven Sharp
Owen Stobart from Aces Pest Control was asked if it’s true you shouldn’t stomp on cockroaches as then their eggs go everywhere only to hatch later.
“That's a myth," he said. "If you stand on a cockroach, you're going to kill it and all its eggs.
“If, however, you spray the cockroach with fly spray and stress it out, it'll flick away its ootheca (egg sack), which has 40 new little babies and make the problems worse.”
So, in his opinion, “the stamp will do it every time”.
Surprisingly, Stobart has a real soft spot for the misunderstood insect.
“I quite like them; I find them curious little fellows that wander around and get into wrong place at wrong time.
“I would say they’re quite cute, yes.”
Stobart recommends keeping plants and bushes well pruned near the house if you want to keep the pests out.
“Cockroaches live in the garden in daytime and hides, rides up plants and accidentally comes into houses.
"So if you have a break in that connection — 5cm gap, the length of your fingers — between the shrubs, bushes, trees and your house, there’s a disconnect.”
credit to TVNZ seven sharp https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/new-zealand/exterminator-dispels-common-myths-killing-cockroaches-in-your-home
What exactly is an essential service during lock down?
TVNZs seven sharp went to investigate
essential service video
Recent hot weather has created a perfect breeding ground for cockroaches and experts warn the coming cool weather is going to bring them indoors.
Owen Stobart from ACES Pest Control said he has "just recently" seen an increase in cockroaches around Auckland.
"On one hand... we've seen them more because they reproduce more when it's hotter, but then you'll see them more inside houses when the houses cool down to the same temperatures as the gardens."
He explained there are two common types of cockroaches in New Zealand: the German cockroach and the Bush cockroach.
Bush cockroaches which normally live outside and are blind and deaf. They are the critters New Zealanders are seeing more of at this time of year.
"They live in bark gardens andmoist environments and this sort of warm climate we have been getting, essentially allows them to reproduce quicker and you get higher numbers and they sort of come inside the house as well you see.
"People often call me because they think they've got an infestation when in fact they have just got these cockroaches wandering in by accident."
The other type are German cockroaches, which actually come from Africa, and prefer warmer conditions. He said they only get into houses if they "get given to you", for example, if they are in a parcel or flowers that you bring inside.
Stobart had some advice for homeowners to keep cockroaches down to a minimum.
He recommended making sure all foliage, trees and bushes are placed at least five centimetres from your house as this is normally the route the cockroaches use at night to get in.
"They can actually cut down them on (to the house) by putting a gap between the plants and the house. Without using chemicals they will reduce the number getting on the house and getting in the house."
edited from Original article
ACES pest control is now qualified certificate III Pro trains post graduate course in Timber pests.
CPPPMT3008 Inspect for and report on timber pests
CPPPMT3010 Control timber pests
CPPPMT3042 Install physical termite management systems
Owen Stobart graduated with this qualification on the 5th of July 2019 (document number S196/1738)
Owen Stobart also has entry level qualification CPPMT3005 Manage Pests without Pesticides CPPMT3006 Manage pests by applying pesticides CPPMT3018 Maintain equipement and pesticides storage area in pest management vehicles
Both Qualifications are recognised by the Australian Enviromental Pest Manager Association and PMANZ ( Pest Managment Association of New Zealand)
It is that time of the year again, when a shout in the middle of the night means my wife spotted one of the most nefarious and vicious insects in the kitchen. But is the cockroach’s reputation and its ability to evoke fear, justified? Here are some myths we dispel about our six-legged visitors.
(i) Can a cockroach survive a nuclear blast? NOPE. This is one of the most common myths to be quoted as a fact. The truth is that a cockroach can withstand ten times more radiation than a person, but they would not survive a nuclear event.
(ii)Will I get cockroaches if I have a spotless house? YUP. German Cockroaches are hitch hikers e.g. come in on a package or gift or flowers. They don't care if your home is clean or not- they just get on with making an infestation. Gisborne cockroaches wander into your house by mistake and can't get out. They don't give too hoots if you house is dirty or not. Once an infestation gets going, access to food (dirty home) will help it along.
(iii)Do roaches live for decades? NAW. Cockroaches can live anywhere between a few months to a couple of years, depending on the species.
(iv)Can cockroaches live without a head? YUP. This one is actually true. A cockroach body can survive without a head for up to a week. This is because cockroaches breathe through small holes in its body segments and have an open circulatory system. Their brain is a long- tube like structure e.g.sausage like, and is inside the head and the throax. So when you remove the head you only take part out. Their balance and wing grooming parts of their brain are left behind. So they can stand on your window sill for a while. Since it does not need its head to breathe, it can survive for about three days. However, without a way to drink water, the cockroach will eventually die of dehydration.
(v)If I stand on a cockroach will I spread its eggs? NAW. This is a myth. If you stand on a cockroach you will kill it and all its eggs ( if it has any). The myth comes from the ability of a female cockroach to shake off and throw away her ootheca -sack of young cockroaches - ( please see image above) to safety. When you stress out a female say for example with fly spray, she will flick her ootheca (young) to safety before dying. But if you stand on her and the ootheca, its curtains for all of them! So go ahead and stand on a cockroach!
It is unfortunate we have been unable to scientifically debunk one last myth: that they are more afraid of you than we are of them! Happy hunting!
edited from original article https://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20180812/life-features/myth-debunked-omg-its-a-cockroach.686637
"ACES | cockroaches pest control Auckland, is dedicated to removing and controlling pests for our customers to reduce the risk posed from pests."
New studies show pest allergens in schools and inner-cities worsen the symptoms of asthmatic children.
Asthma is the most common childhood disease in the United States, affecting up to 15 percent of children, mostly in inner-cities. We’ve known for many years that one of the primary causes of asthma in children is the presence of cockroaches. Cockroach droppings, shed skins, dead bodies and egg cases all shed allergens in the form of protein particles, which become airborne and are then inhaled. Some people have an allergic reaction to cockroaches with sneezing and a runny nose. But cockroach allergens can lead to a more serious asthmatic response in sensitive individuals. For inner-city children and the elderly, German cockroaches cause more cases of asthma than pets or dust mites.
Recently, several researchers have looked more closely at the role of house mice in childhood asthma. What they found was surprising. Mouse infestations cause more serious asthma symptoms than cockroach infestations. Mouse allergens are present at some level in most inner-city and low-income households and are common in high-rise apartments, older homes, mobile homes and inner-city schools. The older the structure, the more likely that mouse allergens are present. The allergens are found primarily in mouse urine and in mouse dander (shed skin flakes). Because mice dribble urine droplets as they travel, allergens can be anywhere.
In the most recent study, 284 children with asthma in a northeastern U.S. city were followed for one year. Dust samples were taken from their inner-city homes and their schools to analyze for various allergens. In schools, dust mite levels were low and cockroach and rat allergens were almost undetectable. However, mouse allergens were present in almost 100 percent of the school samples and at significantly higher concentrations than in the homes. The children with higher exposure to mouse allergen in schools had increased asthma symptoms and lower lung function. A related study of children in the Bronx, N.Y., found that children allergic to mice were more likely to have had at least one emergency department visit in the past year compared to children not allergic to mice.
WHAT CAN SCHOOLS DO? Asthma attributed to pest infestations in schools is a problem for the parents of asthmatic children since they have little control over the school environment where their children spend much of their day. In the home, bedding can be washed to reduce dust mites. Pet dander can be controlled and, presumably, cockroaches and mice can be eliminated. Should schools be routinely tested for allergens, and if so, how would levels be reduced? Because mice are active mostly at night, would most schools even know that they have a mouse problem?
Some national, state, city and non-governmental organizations have developed school-based asthma management programs that primarily rely on education to manage symptoms and reduce asthma-related school absences. The use of classroom HEPA air filters has been studied. What seems to be largely missing is a proactive integrated pest management approach in schools aimed at reducing the pests (now, mice) that are responsible for many asthma symptoms in schoolchildren.
WHAT CAN PMPs DO? If you have school accounts, you can understand the importance of thoroughly inspecting for and controlling mice. Too often, mouse management isn’t begun until mice are spotted in an account. Schools are prime candidates for preventive measures such as rodent-proofing of doors and openings around utility lines that enter the building.
Don’t limit your intensive mouse inspections to school accounts through. Give extra effort to mouse inspections in homes with asthmatic children or adults. Similar inner-city asthma studies in homes have found mouse allergens present in 95 percent of the homes tested. Allergens were found most often in kitchens, but also in children’s bedrooms. This means children are exposed to mouse allergens at school during part of the day, and then continue to be exposed at home during the remainder of the day, although generally at lower levels than at school.
REMOVING ALLERGENS. Unfortunately, eliminating the pests causing asthma doesn’t necessarily eliminate the symptoms for everyone. Allergens accumulate over time and are very difficult to remove from an environment, particularly when they are from pests that live (and die) in hidden places like wall voids or cracks and crevices.
Studies on cockroach allergen deposits in homes found that after successful elimination of the cockroaches, even the most thorough, professional cleaning did not eliminate all the hidden allergens. Enough allergen residue remained to still cause reactions in very sensitive people. This emphasizes the importance of not allowing cockroaches or mice to become problems in the first place. Prevention is key.
adapted from an article by Sandra Kraft and Larry Pinto http://www.pctonline.com/article/choking--on-air/
ACES pest control fields calls from customers every week about these cockroaches. While Simon is right that they do not "infest" houses like German Cockroaches, ACES commonly find the full life cycle inside homes. They are different to the German Cockroaches as they prefer it cooler. But are often still found in kithens in the cooler parts such as the back of cupboards. Mostly people dont like the look of them as they can get quite large. They are not a health risk.
It’s native to Western Australia and has been found as far away as Gisborne, New Zealand. But never in Tasmania. Until now.
The drymaplaneta communis, or the Gisborne cockroach, has arrived.
Simon Fearn is the Collections Officer at QVMAG and has been the first to document the new roach's presence. In February, Simon's colleague, Judy Rainbird, brought one in she'd caught in her West Launceston backyard.
"People in the museum are always on the lookout for things so Judy caught the cockroach and brought it in, and because I'd spent quite a few years on the mainland collecting insects, I recognised the thing straight away."
Finding a single cockroach doesn't mean an established population, though, since one could have arrived through freight or another means, but then the specimens kept coming.
"Over the next few months, she started finding more and more and they were turning up in her neighbour's yard, and then another colleague at work just recently happened to mention that she's also seen some strange cockroaches and she sent through a photo."
You guessed it, the Gisborne cockroach again.
"It was the same type of roach and she lives about 1.1km away from where Judy lives so we've got quite a few specimens now, we've got females with egg cases, so it looks like we've got a new Tasmanian roach."
It's not just Launceston, though.
"Just the other day, one turned up in Sandy Bay in Hobart. Our colleagues at TMAG have been very helpful in getting that one identified and it's the same type of roach."
Again, one roach doesn't necessarily mean they've spread that far, but Simon Fearn would appreciate your help.
"We would really, really like members of the public, if they see anything strange, to bring them into the museums."
Here's what to look for:
- large roach, 25-30mm
- dark, chocolatey brown body
- a clear white band along the outer edge of both sides of its body
"We're urging anyone who sees a large roach with a white or cream band down each side of its body, if they could drop it into the museum please."
If you're wondering how to do that, he adds, "the best way is to put it in the freezer, then it just goes to sleep."
GOOD NEWS: Simon Fearn adds that they don't seem to live in people's houses.
Perhaps with New Zealand being cooler than Australia they are more able to live our houses. Definately a winter issue over here in NZ.
adapted from http://www.abc.net.au/radio/hobart/programs/your-afternoon/cockroaches/8653054, by Simon Fearn
for more information on services offered by ACES pest control please click here for our services for rodents please click here for services for ants please click here and for cockroaches please click here
Cockroaches as pests often are difficult to get rid of. Here is an article throwing some light on why this is the case.
They've been around for the past 300 million years, outlasting the dinosaurs and teaming up with evolution to outsmart our attempts to get rid of them. Now, Japanese researchers at Hokkaido University have revealed yet another reason why we have been unable to put a dent in their populations: female solidarity.
Cockroaches, along with termites, snakes and sharks, have long been known to be capable of "virgin birth" or parthenogenesis, a form of asexual reproduction that occurs without fertilization. What is less known are the factors that trigger this process. Is the absence of male cockroaches the only condition necessary for asexual reproduction to take place or does the social environment play a part too? Given that cockroaches are social creatures that live in groups, the Hokkaido University researchers believed that there had to be factors other than male-absent conditions.
To test their hypothesis, the researchers conducted 11 sets of experiments with different groups of American cockroaches, a common pest. The control group comprised a male and female that were allowed to mate. Others comprised virgin females that were kept in isolation; in groups of up to five; and with castrated males. In addition, the researchers also added female sex pheromones – which are secreted in greater quantities by virgin females than those that have already mated – to containers housing single roaches to see if they would regard it as a male-absent signal and produce more eggs as a result.
What they found was that group-housed females, especially those with three or more insects, produced egg cases faster than any other group. In addition, the egg cases were produced in a synchronized manner. Bizarrely enough, this behavior was shared even by those kept in different containers. Furthermore, the group-housed females also produced their second batch of egg cases at shorter intervals than those kept alone (an average of 18 versus 27 days).
On the other hand, the presence of the castrated males and female sex pheromones did little to boost the production process. The researchers had included the former to find out what effect (if any) cohabitants of a different sex would have on the egg-laying process and discovered that it took the female cockroaches that were grouped with the castrated males almost the same amount of time to produce egg cases as the isolated specimens, thus suggesting that the promotion of asexual production depends on the females being able to discern the cohabitants' sex.
There was also a difference in the viability of the eggs. Only 30 percent of those laid asexually hatched, compared to around 47 percent of the ones produced by sexual reproduction. This could explain why the egg production process ramps up when virgin female cockroaches are grouped together, say the researchers. Synchronizing egg production in grouped females might result in their offspring hatching at around the same time. The nymphs would be able to increase their fitness by aggregation and the sharing of resources, which could counter the lower hatching rate of the asexually produced eggs.
According to the scientists, the female solidarity exhibited in this experiment is consistent with other observations of roach behavior. Rarely do fights ever break out among unmated females that are housed in the same container. Instead, they are often found huddling close together, whereas unmated males paired together will often fight until the antennae of both individuals are amputated.
Males? We don't need no stinking males
That said, while the hatchability rate of asexually produced eggs is generally lower than those laid via conventional means, the roaches that hatch from these eggs are nevertheless still able to form and maintain a colony for at least three generations without a male's input, as evidenced by the colony that formed when the researchers placed 15 random adult females in a container. Just over three years later, it had grown to comprise more than 300 females with nymphs and adults of different ages. Since they were kept in optimal conditions in the lab, the researchers estimate that some of the roaches may have even reached the fifth generation.
The all-female cockroach colony that spawned from the 15 females that Japanese researchers placed together in a container (Credit: Kato K. et al., Zoological Letters)
"Our study shows that female cockroaches promote asexual egg production when they are together, not alone," says researcher Hiroshi Nishino. "This is consistent with the fact that progenies produced by fifteen females in a larger container have maintained a colony for more than three years, whereas those produced by one female die out fairly quickly. In addition to the increased fecundity of group-housed females, the synchronized egg production could also assure higher survival rates via the aggregation of similar-aged larvae."
While this may be an impressive feat of female solidarity in the insect world, it does not bode well for human societies. Given that female American cockroaches already have several advantages over males that allow them to adapt to new habitats – for a start, they have longer lifespans and their larger body size protects them from environmental changes – their ability to reproduce asexually and maintain colonies for several generations makes them a health threat to be reckoned with, given the way they transfer disease. Hence the importance of understanding how they reproduce so that more effective cockroach traps can be built, say the researchers.
"The traps utilizing sex pheromones to attract only male cockroaches are not sufficient," says Nishino. "Understanding the physiological mechanism behind the reproductive strategies should help us find more effective ways to exterminate pest cockroaches in the future."
Originally published in the Zoological Letters.
originally by Lisa-Ann Lee , modified by ACES pest control
Science rebuffs myth that cockroaches are radiation proof
Cockroaches are widely used in scientific research and experiments. Cockroaches are widely used in scientific research and experiments.
Scientists say that humans have a biased view of the most repugnant insect - the cockroach. Not all species of cockroaches are pests. In fact, these group of insects have a diversity of forms, and some are used for medicinal purposes. Although cockroaches can withstand up to 10 times more radiation than humans, they are not immune to it.
George Beccaloni, curator of orthopteroid insects at the Natural History Museum in London, said that there are about as many cockroach species as there are mammals, and only 30 of the known 5,000 species have pest-like tendencies. He explained that these insects live in many diverse environments, so they come in various shapes and sizes.
While most people consider cockroaches as obnoxious creatures, China values these insects for their medicinal purposes. Liu Yusheng, a professor at the Shandong Agricultural University, considers them as miracle drugs. She previously told The Telegraph that cockroaches work a lot faster than ordinary medicine in curing some ailments.
Cockroaches have also been a preferred subject for science research and experiments. Their exoskeletal wings have inspired several robot designs. For years now, scientists have also been studying cockroach legs to design human prosthetic legs.
It is through the study of their biological make-up that scientists were able to discover that cockroaches do have a weakness; radiation. Beccaloni told BBC News that "Cockroaches are only about five times more resistant [than humans]," when hit outright by 10 grays of radiation. Other species can survive ten times as intense as that which makes rank the lowest in terms of radiation tolerance for insects.
By Angel Soleil
Cockroaches and silverfish among 10 hygiene fails
COCKROACHES, silverfish insects and black mould were all found in the kitchen area of a major Scottish hospital during a random check.
The kitchen area of the Western General in Edinburgh – one of the country’s major cancer treament centres – was judged to be an “ideal habitat” for cockroaches.
And following the inspection, the hospital was marked as ‘Improvement Required’ by Food Standards Scotland.
The check was carried out in April this year but has only now been revealed following a Freedom of Information request.
Disturbingly, the cockroaches were discovered just two years after the same insects were discovered in the kitchen at the same hospital.
The full report from the inspection noted a total of ten contraventions of Food Standards Scotland regulations.
Other issues highlighted included flaking walls, dirty chopping boards and damp plaster.
The report reads: “The design, construction, sitting and size of the boxed in space behind the kitchen dishwashing machine is causing the formation of condensation and undesirable mould on the surfaces.
“The lack of ventilation and heat/ moisture from hot pipes is creating an ideal habitat for cockroaches. 2 dead German cockroaches were seen inside.”
It continues: “Silver fish insects were seen at the radiator in the hall outside the catering offices.”
“The ceiling at the extraction fan above the kitchen dishwasher was affected with black mould growth.”
The report also notes: “The walk-in freezer has been clad internally in stainless steel. Ice is building up between the wooden door frame and the cladding. Condensation is causing mould growth.
“There was no access to the prest control computer database and no recent records of pest control visits were available.
“The walls of the staff tea kitchen were damp and plaster was flaking off.”
The report added: “Some wall tiles in the dish wash area were cracked.
“Some chopping boards (mainly green) were badly scored and difficult to clean.
“Dust is accumulating on the cable/ gas conduit runs in the centre of the main cooking range. Adequate cleaning is not being undertaken. This could fall into food being cooked in close proximity.”
The report concluded: “The mobile wash hand basin unit at the canteen severy was not provided with paper towels for hand drying and as it is in a hidden position did not appear to be used.”
Silverfish are small wingless objects that consume household objects such as carpet, clothing, coffee, dandruff, glue, hair, paper, plaster, and sugar to survive.
They can live for over a year without eating, and thus, eradicating them from households often proves difficult.
The term “black” mould is often used to refer to the Stachybotrys species of mould.
It can cause respiratory problems such as chronic coughing, and irritation of the throat, along with headaches and eye soreness.
The report recommends that a “pest control contractor must survey and treat areas out with food handling areas to protect food areas from pests.
“The ceiling requires to be suitably cleaned and painted.”
It also states that the area behind the dishwasher should be “opened up and kept clean like the rest of the kitchen. Alternatively light and ventilation could be introduced into this long thin room.”
George Curley, Director of Facilities, NHS Lothian, said: “We take food hygiene and safety extremely seriously and have robust processes in place to maintain high standards across all of our premises.
“Following this unannounced inspection in April immediate actions were taken to address each of the issues it raised. We have improved the environment around the boxed in area at the back of the dishwasher and our pest control contractor, who carries out regular monitoring, has increased its surveillance.
“Our catering staff carry out daily hygiene inspections and follow strict cleaning regimes which are checked and signed off by site management on a daily basis.
“We have taken the outcome of this report extremely seriously and further enhanced our already stringent procedures to maintain high levels of cleanliness across all of our kitchens.”
The Western General Hospital houses around 570 in-patients and is one of Scotland’s leading breast cancer treatment centres. It recently became home to a £1.35 million facility for young cancer patients, aged 16 to 24.
By Callum Mason